During his late adolescence and early adulthood he produced the bulk of his literary output, then completely stopped writing literature at the age of 20, after assembling his last major work, Illuminations.  He had to settle for Rimbaud and Verlaine, who were described as "geniuses of the tavern". In his 1939 composition Les Illuminations British composer Benjamin Britten set selections of Rimbaud's work of the same name to music for soprano or tenor soloist and string orchestra. He died on November 10, 1891 in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France.  At the age of 15, Rimbaud was showing maturity as a poet; the first poem he showed Izambard, "Ophélie", would later be included in anthologies, and is often regarded as one of Rimbaud's three or four best poems. , Rimbaud wrote to several famous poets but received either no reply or a disappointing mere acknowledgement (as from Theodore de Banville); so his friend, office employee Charles Auguste Bretagne, advised him to write to Paul Verlaine, a rising poet who had published two well regarded collections (and future leader of the Symbolist movement). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Prekliatych básnikov, jeden zo zakladateľov modernej poézie vôbec.  The Parisian literary coterie was scandalized by Rimbaud, whose behaviour was that of the archetypal enfant terrible, yet throughout this period he continued to write poems. Arthur Rimbaud was born in Charleville, France, as the son of Fréderic Rimbaud, a career soldier, Rimbaud's poetry, partially written in free verse, is characterized by dramatic and imaginative vision. In later published recollections of his first sight of Rimbaud at the age of sixteen, Verlaine described him as having "the real head of a child, chubby and fresh, on a big, bony, rather clumsy body of a still-growing adolescent", with a "very strong Ardennes accent that was almost a dialect". The remains were sent across France to his home town and he was buried in Charleville-Mézières. Rimbaud's life has been portrayed in several films. El baile de los ahorcados. Rimbaud produced his best known works while still in his late teens - Victor Hugo described him at the time as "an infant Shakespeare" - and gave up creative writing altogether before the age of 21. In his 16th year Rimbaud found his own distinctive voice in poems whose sentiments swing between two extremes: revolt against a repressive hometown environment, and a passionate desire for freedom and adventure. Every form of love, of suffering, of madness; he searches himself, he consumes all the poisons in him, and keeps only their quintessences. Rimbaud was a voracious reader who soon familiarized himself with the major French writers of both the past and present.  On 13 and 15 May 1871, he wrote letters (later called the lettres du voyant by scholars), to Izambard and to his friend Paul Demeny respectively, about his method for attaining poetical transcendence or visionary power through a "long, immense and rational derangement of all the senses" (to Demeny). Život. He decided to let his visions determine the form of his poems, and if the visions were formless, then the poems would be too. (His first published poem had appeared in January 1870 in La Revue pour Tous.) , Hoping for a brilliant academic career for her second son, Mme Rimbaud hired a private tutor for Arthur when he reached the third grade. Traxectoria. Why? Rimbaud had begun taking a keen interest in politics by the time the Franco-German War began in July 1870. Up to then, his reading had been largely confined to the Bible, though he had also enjoyed fairy tales and adventure stories, such as the novels of James Fenimore Cooper and Gustave Aimard.  Isabelle's birth in 1860 must have been the last straw, as after this Captain Rimbaud stopped returning home on leave altogether. » / « Voici la date mystérieuse, pourtant naturelle, si l’on convient que celui, qui rejette des rêves, par sa faute ou la leur, et s’opère, vivant, de la poésie, ultérieurement ne sait trouver que loin, très loin, un état nouveau. Archibald MacLeish has commented on this poem: "Anyone who doubts that poetry can say what prose cannot has only to read the so-called Lettres du Voyant and Bateau Ivre together. In 1884, his Report on the Ogaden (based on notes from his assistant Constantin Sotiro) was presented and published by the Société de Géographie in Paris. :38–39, Also from 1975, in Patti Smith's album Horses, the song "Land" refers to Rimbaud by name..  On the 100th anniversary of Rimbaud's birth, Thomas Bernhard delivered a memorial lecture on Rimbaud and described his end: "On November 10, at two o'clock in the afternoon, he was dead," noted his sister Isabelle.  The painting, By the table, shows Rimbaud and Verlaine at the end of the table. It sees visions both magnificent ("the awakening blue and yellow of singing phosphorescence", "l'éveil jaune et bleu des phosphores chanteurs") and disgusting ("nets where in the reeds an entire Leviathan was rotting" "nasses / Où pourrit dans les joncs tout un Léviathan").  The explorer Paul Soleillet became involved early in 1886. He had come to believe in a universal life force that informs or underlies all matter. 13 73 Jean-Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud. I no longer felt guided by the ferrymen... Richard Meyers changed his surname to Hell after Rimbaud's poem A Season in Hell. ", University of Exeter professor Martin Sorrell argues that Rimbaud was and remains influential in not only literary and artistic circles but political spheres as well, having inspired anti-rationalist revolutions in America, Italy, Russia, and Germany. Arthur Rimbaud, in full Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud, (born October 20, 1854, Charleville, France—died November 10, 1891, Marseille), French poet and adventurer who won renown in the Symbolist movement and markedly influenced modern poetry. Used.  He hosted explorer Jules Borrelli and merchant Armand Savouré. [n 1] Albert Camus, in L'homme révolté, although he praised Rimbaud's literary works (particularly his later prose works, Une saison en enfer and Illuminations — "he is the poet of revolt, and the greatest"), wrote a scathing account of his resignation from literature — and revolt itself — in his later life, claiming that there is nothing to admire, nothing noble or even genuinely adventurous, in a man who committed a "spiritual suicide", became a "bourgeois traficker" and consented to the materialistic order of things. Rimbaud seemed obsessed with poetry, spending hours juggling with rhyme. From early childhood Arthur Rimbaud, who was severely brought up by his mother, displayed rich intellectual gifts and a sullen, violent temperament. Throughout the five years that they attended the school, however, their formidable mother still imposed her will upon them, pushing them for scholastic success.  Rimbaud sent Verlaine two letters with several of his poems, including the hypnotic, finally shocking "Le Dormeur du Val" (The Sleeper in the Valley), in which Nature is called upon to comfort an apparently sleeping soldier. Arthur Rimbaud was born in the provincial town of Charleville (now part of Charleville-Mézières) in the Ardennes department in northeastern France.  His poetry influenced the Symbolists, Dadaists, and Surrealists, and later writers adopted not only some of his themes, but also his inventive use of form and language. Arthur Rimbaud, in full Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud, (born October 20, 1854, Charleville, France—died November 10, 1891, Marseille), French poet and adventurer who won renown in the Symbolist movement and markedly influenced modern poetry.  When the authorization came through from the consul de France, Labatut got ill and had to withdraw (he died from cancer soon afterward), then Soleillet died from embolism on 9 October. Rimbaud expounded the same ideas in his poem "Le bateau ivre" ("The Drunken Boat"). 10 listopada 1891 w Marsylii), francuski poeta, przedstawiciel symbolizmu. He reaches the unknown; and even if, crazed, he ends up by losing the understanding of his visions, at least he has seen them!  Her personality was the "exact opposite" of Captain Rimbaud's; she was reportedly narrowminded, "stingy and ... completely lacking in a sense of humour". Tento autor je představitelem francouzské poezie, zejména pak představitelem prokletých básníků. 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